Wakatobi is situated at the world’s epicenter of coral reef biodiversity and is designated a UNESCO Marine Biosphere Reserve. This means that while diving Wakatobi, you may see the most enormous diversity and variety of marine life. You’ll not just see beautiful vistas of pristine coral reefs, but also abundant colorful reef fish along with curious and odd cryptic critters’. New and undocumented species are still to be found at Wakatobi.
There are other locations where it is possible to see larger schools of fish, larger animals, and experience more adrenaline-filled submerged’ rides,’ but for absolute reef scenery and marine life variety, you will not be let down with a diving vacation at Wakatobi.
Wakatobi’s dive sites
Wakatobi is blessed with over 50 mapped and named dive sites all within a short distance of the main resort. The reefs round Wakatobi are actually constant, so to call diving site is somewhat misleading. We identify the majority of our dives websites at places on the connected world where we begin a dive. We’ve typically chosen these starting points because of some unique underwater typography or marine life that is common to this spot.
The epicenter of biodiversity
The Wakatobi region is considered to be the epicenter of coral reef biodiversity. 85 percent of the planet’s coral reefs are in the Indo-Pacific region, and as you travel either east or west from the epicenter of biodiversity, the amount of species decreases. In the Western edge of the Indian Ocean or even the Eastern border of the Pacific, you will only find about 25 percent of the number of species which are present at Wakatobi.
The Atlantic/Caribbean region has less diversity, less than 1 tenth the number of species located from the Indo-Pacific. As an example, the Atlantic/Caribbean area has fewer than 70 species of corals while the Indo-Pacific has over 700 species.
The environment affects biodiversity. Coral reef ecosystems need warm, clear waters to thrive. If there’s too much runoff from large rivers or urban expansion near, the reefs can be choked by siltation or pollution. The seas have to be warm but not too hot. Depth is important also. Quite shallow waters have too much temperature fluctuation and tumultuous wave and surge action. Too heavy, and light is diminished, which decreases diversity. At about 20 meters depth, there are lots of views, and not much wave activity, even during big storms, so more species can endure.